Review – 7/27/17

  1. The Mediterranean Diet protects against colorectal cancer (CRC), and the more dietary components (above average consumption of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds, and regular consumption of fish) adopted, the more protection the diet offers. As little as adopting 2 Mediterranean dietary components reduced the risk of advanced polyps by 50%. Reducing fat in the diet can also add protection against CRC. European Society for Medical Oncology


  1. Scientists eradicate eczema-causing bacteria. A recent study gathered Staphylococcus hominis and Staphylococcus epidermidis from study subjects’ skin, incorporated the bacteria into a lotion, and applied it to eczema-infected areas, completely eliminating Staphylococcus aureus (a bacterial strain that plays a major role in eczema and acne). Science Translational Medicine


  1. Heartburn drugs are linked to an increased risk of death. In looking at data from approximately 300,000 patients on heartburn medications, scientists found a 25% increased risk of death in those taking PPIs when compared to those taking H2 blockers. Prolonged use increased death risk. BMJ


  1. Parasitic worms could encourage altruistic behavior (a behavior that goes against our survival-of-the-fittest evolutionary mentality). A review of the literature illustrates a convincing framework for the link between microbes and selflessness. Scientific American


  1. Recent data suggests an adjusted colonoscopy screening age of 45 for African Americans. While colonoscopy can be important in early detection, adopting a healthy lifestyle through diet and exercise should be the first step in preventing colorectal cancer. The American Journal of Gastroenterology


  1. “Forest bathing” improves immunity, mood, and important measures of health. Whether with a guide or on your own, connecting with nature is just as important as diet and exercise for good health. NPR


  1. Pesticides increase the risk of contracting parasitic worms. Killing off predator insects increases the risk of Schistosomiasis, the most common parasitic disease after malaria, infecting approximately 2.5 million people in Africa. Science Magazine


  1. Gut microbial activity in early life shapes long-term health, a new study finds. Altering gut bacteria during formative times (especially during the perinatal and neonatal phases) could affect immunity and health throughout one’s life. Nature Communications


  1. Fecal bacteria found in a high percentage of fast food products. If you (or a friend or family member) aren’t yet convinced that fast food should be avoided at all costs, this may help! New York Post


By: Leslie Ann Berg, MSPH