Tag

Autism

Browsing

Stool transplantation proves effective in reducing autism symptoms by nearly 50% two years post transplant. A recent study conducted a special type of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) known as Microbiota Transfer Therapy (MTT – a 10-week treatment process in which a stool transplant is performed daily for 7 to 8 weeks) and found that initial gut improvements (58% reduction in GI symptoms) as well as slow and steady positive changes in autism-related symptoms (language, social interaction, and behavior – quantified at a 45% reduction in overall symptoms) are lasting, even two years after the date of transplantation. Improvements in positive microbial markers, as well as increases in favorable species and diversity, also remained for the two years post transplant. Scientific Reports Takeaway: Today, approximately 1 in 59 children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), an exponential increase from 1 in every 150 in 2000. Despite such a weighty percentage of…

Early life antibiotic exposure shows no association with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A recent study including all live births in Manitoba, Canada between 1998 and 2016 looked at antibiotic exposure (defined as having filled one or more antibiotic prescriptions in the first year of life) and ASD diagnosis. The study found that antibiotic exposure (both number of treatment courses and cumulative duration of antibiotic exposure) was not associated with ASD, and researchers concluded that the lack of a significant association between antibiotics and ASD “should provide reassurance to concerned prescribers and parents”. International Journal of Epidemiology →Takeaway: While this study aims to answer the question, is exposure to antibiotics in the first year of life a risk factor for developing ASD, it fails to take into account some important factors. First, while the researchers looked at the number of antibiotic prescriptions filled in the first year of life, we all know that a…